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How To Install and Configure Apache2 webserver (httpd) on Centos 8

Hello everyone, in this tutorial I’ll discuss about how to install and configuration of httpd webserver on linux centos 8. I used ip address for this server.

First install httpd packages on your system

[root@server1 ~]# yum install httpd


Set enabled and start httpd service

[root@server1 ~]# systemctl enable --now httpd


Configure on /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf as the following :

[root@server1 ~]# vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf


<Directory "/var/www/html">
 Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride ALL

<IfModule dir_module>
           DirectoryIndex index.html index.php


Restart httpd service

[root@server1 ~]# systemctl restart httpd


Create Index.html on /var/www/html directory

[root@server1 ~]# echo "TEST MY HTTPD WEBSERVER" > /var/www/html/index.html


Configure Firewall for allow httpd service :

[root@server1 ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=80/tcp
[root@server1 ~]# firewall-cmd --reload

If you use IPtables on your system, add new configuration for INPUT tcp 80 on /etc/sysconfig/iptables :

[root@server1 ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/iptables
# Generated by iptables-save v1.8.4 on Wed Oct 5 20:51:38 2022
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [887:65352]
-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i enp0s8 -p udp -m udp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

Now test on your browser :



Configure Custom Html Directory

In the configuration above, it used  the default html directory. But how if we will to used custom html directory for the web content ?. For example we will to direct the html directory to /web/html.

First configure at  /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

[root@server1 ~]# vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

DocumentRoot "/web/html"

# Relax access to content within /var/www.
<Directory "/var/www">
AllowOverride None
# Allow open access:
Require all granted

# Further relax access to the default document root:
<Directory "/web/html">
# Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks




Create new directory :

[root@server1 ~]# mkdir -p /web/html

Display selinux context on /web/html

[root@server1 ~]# ls -dZ /web/html/
unconfined_u:object_r:default_t:s0 /web/html/

as you can see, file context is default_t. Change to httpd_sys_content_t so that it can be used for html directory.

[root@server1 ~]# chcon -R --reference=/var/www/html/ /web/html/


Display selinux context again :

[root@server1 ~]# ls -dZ /web/html/
system_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0 /web/html/


Create index.html on /web/html directory :

[root@server1 ~]# echo "TEST CUSTOM HTML DIRECTORY FOR MY SERVER" > /web/html/index.html

Restart httpd services :

[root@server1 ~]# systemctl restart httpd


Test on your browser :



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